Yale University, established in 1701 is a private Ivy League research university. This university is situated in New Haven, Connecticut.
The Collegiate School is the third-oldest institution of all higher education in the United States. It is also among the nine Colonial Colleges contracted before the American Revolution.
The name of the school -yale- was from Elihu Yale, the school’s biggest private philanthropist. The name was changed to Yale in 1718.
The purpose of establishing the school was to educate Congregational ministers. The school then moved to New Haven in 1716. The school grew into graduate and professional instruction in the 19th century, and the first PhD to be granted even in the United States was in 1861. The school began to organize as a university in 1887.
Yale is categorized into fourteen counterparts schools, they are the original undergraduate college, the Yale Graduate School of Arts and Sciences and twelve professional schools.
Even though the University is overseen by the Yale Corporation, every school’s faculty is in charge of its curriculum and degree programs.
Asides the center of campus in down New Haven, there are several athletic facilities in western New Haven, a campus in West Haven, Connecticut, and forests and nature preserves across New England.
By September 2019, the university already procured resources, that includes an endowment valued at $31.1 billion. This endowment is the second largest of any educational institution in North America.
The athletes -Yale Bulldogs – compete I in the NCAA Division I – Ivy League.
The school was initially named the “Collegiate School”. It was inaugurated in the residence of its first rector, Abraham Pierson – known as the first president of Yale.
The school was carried to Saybrook and later Wethersfield. It was later carried to New Haven, Connecticut in 1716.
Elihu Yale -a well-to-do businessman was asked for help in constructing a new building for the college in 1718 by Cotton Mather. Elihu Yale provided nine bales of goods, sold for over £560 and was a good sum at the time. Afterwards, Mather suggested that the name of the school be changed.
A graduate of Harvard who was working in England, told 180 well-known scholars to contribute books to Yale. There were the fairest of modern English literature, science, philosophy and theology at the time.
In about 1994, there was a disagreement over Yale University being named to honor the slave trader Elihu Yale. A painting of Yale being served by a child slave was taken down in 2007.
According to a Yale University spokesperson “…Elihu Yale did not support slavery…”
From 2016, Yale University admitted that Elihu Yale got “…involved and profited from the slave trade.”
In 2020, the disagreement was raised again. This was with a Yale Daily News post, “Yale Has to Go!”
Yale University furthermore procured a slave plantation to fund its graduate program. The school has several buildings which were named to honor slave owners.
Yale College undergraduates makes use of a liberal arts curriculum with departmental majors and is categorized into a social system of residential colleges.
Since Yale was the only college in Connecticut from 1701 to 1823, it taught the sons of the elite.
Games like cardplaying, tavern-going, destruction of college property, and acts of disobedience to college authorities were punishable.
Until 1887, the proper name of the university was “The President and Fellows of Yale College, in New Haven.” The school was renamed in 1887, under an act enacted by the Connecticut General Assembly to “Yale University.”
In 1810, the college continuously increased, especially with the addition of the Yale School of Medicine. The Yale Divinity School was established in 1822, Yale Law School established in 1822, the Yale Graduate School of Arts and Sciences was established in 1847, the now-defunct Sheffield Scientific School was established in 1847, and the Yale School of Fine Arts in was established 1869.
Yale College became Yale University in 1887, during the administration of president Timothy Dwight V.
The former name however only applied to undergraduate school. In the 20th and 21st century, the school increased establishing the Yale School of Music in 1894, the Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies in 1900, the Yale School of Public Health in 1915, the Yale School of Architecture in 1916, the Yale School of Nursing 1923, the Yale School of Drama in 1955, the Yale School of Management in 1976, and the Jackson School of Global Affairs which is planned to open in 2022.
In the early 20th century, Yale came up with policies brought about to retain the amount of white Protestants from notable families in the student body.
Yale and Peking University (PKU) organized a Joint Undergraduate Program in Beijing in 2006. The program enabled Yale students to use up a semester residing and studying with PKU honor students. The program came to a halt in July 2012 as a result of poor participation.
The US Justice Department alleged that Yale segregated Asian and white candidates due to their race although, the school, denied it.
The Justice Department however, withdrew the lawsuit in early February 2021, under the new Biden administration. But a group -Students for Fair Admissions- who had previously made a similar lawsuit against Harvard are working towards refiling the case